Gender Differences in Competitive Positions: Experimental Evidence on Job Promotion

CEGE Number 303 – February 2017

29 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2017

See all articles by Emmanuel Peterle

Emmanuel Peterle

Université de Rennes 1

Holger Andreas Rau

University of Goettingen (Göttingen)

Date Written: February 15, 2017

Abstract

This paper analyzes gender differences in access to competitive positions. We implement an experiment where workers can apply for a job promotion by sending a signal to their employer. We control for gender differences in anticipation of discrimination in a treatment where a computer randomly recruits. Discriminatory behavior by the employer is isolated in a treatment where workers cannot send signals. We find that gender disparity among promoted workers is highest when workers can apply for promotion and employers recruit. Strikingly, the gender composition in competitive position is balanced in the absence of a signaling institution. When signaling is possible, we observe that female workers who do not request a promotion are discriminated against.

Keywords: Experiment, Discrimination, Gender Differences, Real Effort

JEL Classification: C9, J24, J70

Suggested Citation

Peterle, Emmanuel and Rau, Holger Andreas, Gender Differences in Competitive Positions: Experimental Evidence on Job Promotion (February 15, 2017). CEGE Number 303 – February 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2918227 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2918227

Emmanuel Peterle (Contact Author)

Université de Rennes 1 ( email )

11 Rue Jean Macé
Rennes, Rennes 35700
France

Holger Andreas Rau

University of Goettingen (Göttingen) ( email )

Platz der Gottinger Sieben 3
Gottingen, D-37073
Germany

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