Preventing Hate Crime

59 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2017

See all articles by Mark Walters

Mark Walters

University of Sussex Law School

Rupert Brown


Date Written: October 9, 2016


This report provides a comprehensive review of interventions that are currently being used to combat hate crime in England and Wales. The report complements another piece of work which was commissioned by the Equality and Human Rights Commission on the causes and motivations of hate crime and we recommend that both of these reports be read together (Walters, Brown and Wiedlitzka 2016). We have divided the report into three parts, the first and second examine the evidence-base for criminalisation, policing, and criminal justice and education-based interventions aimed at tackling hate. Here we pinpoint a number of emerging practices, using case studies, to highlight the ways in which hate-based incidents can be effectively challenged. We note also the limitations in research and offer recommendations for better evidence gathering to support the improved use of such practices. The third part of this report focuses on barriers to the effective management of criminal justice interventions for hate crime. In this final part of the report we set out a list of recommendations to enhance the effective management of hate crime offenders and the prevention of hate crime more generally. These recommendations are based on extensive consultations with research, policy and practitioner experts working in the area of hate crime.

Suggested Citation

Walters, Mark Austin and Brown, Rupert, Preventing Hate Crime (October 9, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

Mark Austin Walters (Contact Author)

University of Sussex Law School ( email )

Brighton BN1 9QN
United Kingdom

Rupert Brown

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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