Desafíos contemporáneos de la justicia administrativa en América Latina (Contemporary Challenges in Latin American Administrative Justice)

In: Adriana García García; Sergio López Ayllón. (Org.). Perspectivas comparadas de la justicia administrativa. 1ed.Cidade do México: CIDE, 2017, p. 131-170

43 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2017 Last revised: 22 Jul 2017

See all articles by Ricardo Perlingeiro

Ricardo Perlingeiro

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law; Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences

Date Written: 2017

Abstract

The English version of this text is available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2836912 A versão em português deste artigo está disponível em: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2919991

Spanish Abstract: Este estudio es un análisis crítico y comparado de los sistemas de jurisdicción administrativa en 18 países latinoamericanos de origen ibérico, con sujeción a la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, República Dominicana, Uruguay y Venezuela). Que se presenta como un cuello de botella hacia la eficacia de la jurisdicción administrativa, el exceso de litigios en los tribunales de América Latina está asociada con un ajuste incorrecto del sistema judicial único, típico del derecho administrativo en los países vinculados al common law en una cultura jurídica europea-continental que tiene su origen en el civil law. Tal escenario, según el autor, puede ser revertido mediante el fortalecimiento del papel de las autoridades administrativas en cuanto a las funciones jurisdiccionales y las funciones meramente ejecutivas, atribuyéndoles prerrogativas que aseguren una actuación (independiente e imparcial) guiada por la supremacía de los derechos fundamentales, y respaldados por la doctrina del control difuso de convencionalidad consagrada por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.

English Abstract: This study consists of a critical comparative analysis of the administrative justice systems in eighteen Latin-American signatory countries of the American Convention on Human Rights (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela). According to this article, the excessive litigation in Latin-American courts that has seriously hampered the effectiveness of the administrative justice systems may be explained as follows: as former Iberian colonies, the aforementioned countries have a Continental European legal culture (civil law) but nevertheless have improperly integrated certain aspects of the unified judicial system (generalized courts) typical of administrative law in common law countries. This situation, according to the author, could be rectified through strengthening the public administrative authorities with respect to their dispute-resolution and purely executive functions by endowing them with prerogatives to act independently and impartially, oriented by the principle of legality understood in the sense of supremacy of fundamental rights, in light of the doctrine of diffuse conventionality control adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Note: Downloadable document is available in Spanish.

Keywords: administrative justice, due process, Latin America, adjudication, tribunal, fair hearing, justicia administrativa, debido proceso legal, América Latina, proceso administrativo, procedimiento administrativo

JEL Classification: I18, K32, K33, K23, K41, I11, I28, H75, H51, N46

Suggested Citation

Perlingeiro, Ricardo, Desafíos contemporáneos de la justicia administrativa en América Latina (Contemporary Challenges in Latin American Administrative Justice) (2017). In: Adriana García García; Sergio López Ayllón. (Org.). Perspectivas comparadas de la justicia administrativa. 1ed.Cidade do México: CIDE, 2017, p. 131-170, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2919990

Ricardo Perlingeiro (Contact Author)

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Rua Presidente Pedreira, 62
Niterói, 24210-470
Brazil

Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences ( email )

4 Cardigan Street
Birmingham, B4 7BD
United Kingdom

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