Desafios contemporâneos da justiça administrativa na América Latina (Contemporary Challenges in Latin American Administrative Justice)

Revista de Investigações Constitucionais, 4(1), 167-205

38 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last revised: 25 Jul 2017

See all articles by Ricardo Perlingeiro

Ricardo Perlingeiro

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law; Estácio de Sá University - MA and PhD Programs in Law; Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences

Date Written: February 18, 2017

Abstract

The English version of this paper can be found at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2836912. La versión en español de este artículo está disponible en: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2919990.

Portuguese Abstract: O presente estudo consiste em uma análise crítica comparada dos sistemas de jurisdição administrativa nos 18 países latino-americanos de origem ibérica, sujeitos à Convenção Americana de Direitos Humanos (Argentina, Bolívia, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Equador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicarágua, Panamá, Paraguai, Peru, República Dominicana, Uruguai e Venezuela). Como fator de estrangulamento da efetividade da jurisdição administrativa, o excesso de litígios nos tribunais latino-americanos é associado a uma indevida adaptação do sistema judiciário único, típico do direito administrativo de países vinculados ao common law, em uma cultura jurídica europeia-continental com origem no civil law. Tal cenário, segundo o autor, pode ser revertido mediante o fortalecimento do papel das autoridades administrativas quanto a funções jurisdicionais e a funções meramente executivas, dotando-lhes de prerrogativas que assegurem uma atuação (independente e imparcial) orientada pela supremacia dos direitos fundamentais, e com lastro na doutrina do controle difuso de convencionalidade consagrada pela Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos.

English Abstract: This study consists of a critical comparative analysis of the administrative justice systems in eighteen Latin-American signatory countries of the American Convention on Human Rights (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela). According to this article, the excessive litigation in Latin-American courts that has seriously hampered the effectiveness of the administrative justice systems may be explained as follows: as former Iberian colonies, the aforementioned countries have a Continental European legal culture (civil law) but nevertheless have improperly integrated certain aspects of the unified judicial system (generalized courts) typical of administrative law in common law countries. This situation, according to the author, could be rectified through strengthening the public administrative authorities with respect to their dispute-resolution and purely executive functions by endowing them with prerogatives to act independently and impartially, oriented by the principle of legality understood in the sense of supremacy of fundamental rights, in light of the doctrine of diffuse conventionality control adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Note: Downloadable document is available in Portuguese.

Keywords: justiça administrativa, devido processo legal, processo administrativo, jurisdição, administrative justice, due process, Latin America, adjudication, tribunal, fair hearing, justicia administrativa, debido proceso legal, América Latina, proceso administrativo, procedimiento administrativo

JEL Classification: I18, K32, K33, K23, K41, I11, I28, H75, H51, N46

Suggested Citation

Perlingeiro, Ricardo, Desafios contemporâneos da justiça administrativa na América Latina (Contemporary Challenges in Latin American Administrative Justice) (February 18, 2017). Revista de Investigações Constitucionais, 4(1), 167-205, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2919991

Ricardo Perlingeiro (Contact Author)

Fluminense Federal University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Rua Presidente Pedreira, 62
Niterói, 24210-470
Brazil

Estácio de Sá University - MA and PhD Programs in Law ( email )

Avenida Presidente Vargas, 642
Rio de Janeiro, 20071-001
Brazil

Birmingham City University - Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences ( email )

4 Cardigan Street
Birmingham, B4 7BD
United Kingdom

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