Secular-Islamist Cleavage, Values, and Support for Democracy and Shari'a in the Arab World

Political Research Quarterly 66.4 (2013): 781-793

34 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2017

See all articles by Sabri Ciftci

Sabri Ciftci

Kansas State University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: December 26, 2012

Abstract

Public opinion polls show that Arab citizens support both democracy and Islamic governing principles. Among other factors, values related to the historically rooted secular-Islamist cleavage explain a good deal of variation in dual support for democracy and shari’a. Particularly, non-secularist orientations and support for Islamic legality significantly predicts favorable views toward both notions. The empirical analysis of the Arab Barometer surveys show that Arab citizens holding strong Islamist orientations are able to reconcile their attitudes about democracy and shari’a. These findings imply that constitutional models combining Islam and democracy have a popular support base in the Arab world.

Keywords: Shari’a, Democracy, Islam, Secular, Arab Attitudes, Bivariate Probit, Values

JEL Classification: Z10

Suggested Citation

Ciftci, Sabri, Secular-Islamist Cleavage, Values, and Support for Democracy and Shari'a in the Arab World (December 26, 2012). Political Research Quarterly 66.4 (2013): 781-793. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2920382

Sabri Ciftci (Contact Author)

Kansas State University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Kansas State University
Department of Political Science 802 Mid Campus Dri
manhattan, KS 66506
United States

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