Secular-Islamist Cleavage, Values, and Support for Democracy and Shari'a in the Arab World
Political Research Quarterly 66.4 (2013): 781-793
34 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2017
Date Written: December 26, 2012
Public opinion polls show that Arab citizens support both democracy and Islamic governing principles. Among other factors, values related to the historically rooted secular-Islamist cleavage explain a good deal of variation in dual support for democracy and shari’a. Particularly, non-secularist orientations and support for Islamic legality significantly predicts favorable views toward both notions. The empirical analysis of the Arab Barometer surveys show that Arab citizens holding strong Islamist orientations are able to reconcile their attitudes about democracy and shari’a. These findings imply that constitutional models combining Islam and democracy have a popular support base in the Arab world.
Keywords: Shari’a, Democracy, Islam, Secular, Arab Attitudes, Bivariate Probit, Values
JEL Classification: Z10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation