Discrete Time vs Continuous Time Stock-Price Dynamics and Implications for Option Pricing
19 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2001
Date Written: 2000
In the present paper we construct stock price processes with the same marginal log-normal law as that of a geometric Brownian motion and also with the same transition density (and returns' distributions) between any two instants in a given discrete-time grid. We then illustrate how option prices based on such processes differ from Black and Scholes', in that option prices can be either arbitrarily close to the option intrinsic value or arbitrarily close to the underlying stock price. We also explain that this is due to the particular way one models the stock-price process in-between the grid time instants which are relevant for trading. The theoretical result concerning scalar stochastic differential equations with prescribed diffusion coefficient whose densities evolve in a prescribed exponential family, on which part of the paper is based, is presented in detail.
Keywords: Stochastic Differential Equations, Fokker--Planck Equation, Exponential Families, Stock Price Models, Black and Scholes model, Option Pricing, Trading Time Grid, Delta-Markovianity, Market Incompleteness, Option replication error
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation