The Analysis of Investigative Techniques in Financial Investigations

5 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2017

See all articles by Professor Alain Ndedi

Professor Alain Ndedi

International Council for Family Business; YENEPAD; Saint Monica University; University of Johannesburg; University of Pretoria; Charisma University

Akepe Enobi

International Institute of Certified Forensic Investigation Professionals Inc. (IICFIP)

Date Written: February 20, 2017


This paper describes various investigative techniques that can be used in financial investigations. It is not exhaustive in covering all techniques but only highlights techniques that have specific relevance in relation to financial investigations. In this paper, the reader will understand that countries should use a wide range of investigative techniques which include undercover operations, intercepting communications, accessing computer systems, and controlled delivery. Countries can implement these requirements within their legal systems. This paper recognises that countries may have differing mechanisms available to investigators for compelling records that are relevant to financial investigations. For example, some countries use production orders, subpoenas, orders issued by prosecutors, orders issued by investigative magistrates, etc. Regardless of the instrument or process used, it is important that the financial investigator has access to and effectively uses such powers so as to obtain necessary information. This paper highlights the importance of capacity building and training of investigators. It is also shows the role of international bodies involved in fighting while collars crimes and corruption.

Keywords: Financial Investigation, Investigative Techniques, Information

Suggested Citation

Ndedi, Alain Aime and Ndedi, Alain Aime and Enobi, Akepe, The Analysis of Investigative Techniques in Financial Investigations (February 20, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Alain Aime Ndedi (Contact Author)

International Council for Family Business ( email )

San Diego
United States

YENEPAD ( email )

PO Box 30069
Pretoria, Pretoria 0135
South Africa
+27 84 992 9499 (Phone)


Saint Monica University ( email )

P.O. BOX 132
Buea, South West
237698727474 (Phone)
23767992-0777 (Fax)


University of Johannesburg ( email )

UJ ADMINISTRATION. University of Johannesburg
PO Box 524. Auckland Park 2006.
Johannesburg, Gauteng
South Africa


University of Pretoria ( email )

University of Pretoria,
Private Bag X20, Hatfield,
Pretoria, Gauteng
South Africa


Charisma University ( email )

30 Sandcastle Rd
Neptune CT, Grace Bay
Turks and Caicos Islands

Akepe Enobi

International Institute of Certified Forensic Investigation Professionals Inc. (IICFIP) ( email )

800 Delaware Avenue
P.O. Box 8702
Wilmington, DE 19801
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics