Global Collateral: How Financial Innovation Drives Capital Flows and Increases Financial Instability
55 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2017
Date Written: February 4, 2017
We show that cross-border financial flows arise when countries differ in their abilities to use assets as collateral. Financial integration is a way of sharing scarce collateral. The ability of one country to leverage and tranche assets provides attractive financial contracts to investors in the other country, and general equilibrium effects on prices create opportunities for investors in the financially advanced country to invest abroad. Foreign demand for collateral and for collateral-backed financial promises increases the collateral value of domestic assets, and cheap foreign assets provide attractive returns to investors who do not demand collateral to issue promises. Gross global flows respond dynamically to fundamentals, exporting and amplifying financial volatility.
Keywords: Collateral, financial innovation, asset prices, capital flows, securitized markets, asset-backed securities, global imbalances
JEL Classification: D52, D53, E32, E44, F34, F36, G01, G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation