El Gasto Fiscal De La Guerra Contra Los Portadores Y Traficantes De Drogas Ilícitas: Una Aproximación Para Colombia (Public Expenditures on the War against Illicit Drugs Traffic and Possession: An Approximation for Colombia)

36 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2017

See all articles by Isabel Gutierrez

Isabel Gutierrez

Universidad EAFIT

Santiago Tobon

University of Chicago; Innovations for Poverty Action

Date Written: February 7, 2017

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Colombia concentra grandes esfuerzos fiscales a la persecución del delito de porte, fabricación y tráfico de estupefacientes. Estos costos no son siempre visibles, en tanto corresponden al costo de oportunidad de una gran cantidad de funcionarios que intervienen en el ciclo criminal. En este artículo estimamos el costo esperado por una captura motivada por este delito, y a partir de ello calculamos los costos anuales del esfuerzo fiscal. Discutimos si este gasto se justifica por la persecución al tráfico internacional de drogas ilícitas, al crimen asociado al micro-tráfico y mercados locales, o a un esfuerzo para disuadir consumidores. Concluimos que ninguna de estas motivaciones justifica este esfuerzo fiscal, y que más bien parece relacionarse con incompatibilidad de incentivos en la policía.

English Abstract: Colombia focuses relevant resources to pursue the crime of possession, manufacture and trafficking of narcotic drugs. These costs are not always visible as they are mainly related to the opportunity cost of a number of bureaucrats involved in the legal process. We estimate the expected cost of an arrest resulting from this crime and, from this figure, we estimate the average annual social costs. We discuss if these expenditures are justified either by the war against international drug trafficking, crime related to local markets and consumption, or an effort to deter drug users. We conclude that none of this justify the annual expenditures resulting from arrests and that these arrests may be motivated by an incentive compatibility problem in the police.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Sistema de Justicia Criminal; Costos Sociales; Consumo de Drogas Ilícitas

JEL Classification: H11, H56, K14

Suggested Citation

Gutierrez, Isabel and Tobon, Santiago, El Gasto Fiscal De La Guerra Contra Los Portadores Y Traficantes De Drogas Ilícitas: Una Aproximación Para Colombia (Public Expenditures on the War against Illicit Drugs Traffic and Possession: An Approximation for Colombia) (February 7, 2017). Documento CEDE No. 2017-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2921464 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2921464

Isabel Gutierrez (Contact Author)

Universidad EAFIT ( email )

Carrera 49 N° 7 sur – 50
Bogotá, Antioquia 00000
Colombia

Santiago Tobon

University of Chicago ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Innovations for Poverty Action ( email )

1731 Connecticut Ave, 4th floor
New Haven, CT 20009
United States

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