Extraction of Bioactives from Orthosiphon Stamineus Using Microwave and Ultrasound-Assisted Techniques: Process Optimization and Scale Up
Food Chemistry, Vol. 221, p. 1382-1387, 2017
18 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2017
Date Written: February 22, 2017
This work demonstrated the optimization and scale up of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) of bioactive compounds from Orthosiphon stamineus using energy-based parameters such as absorbed power density and absorbed energy density (APD-AED) and response surface methodology (RSM). The intensive optimum conditions of MAE obtained at 80% EtOH, 50 mL/g, APD of 0.35W/mL, AED of 250 J/mL can be used to determine the optimum conditions of the scale-dependent parameters i.e. microwave power and treatment time at various extraction scales (100-300 mL solvent loading). The yields of the up scaled conditions were consistent with less than 8% discrepancy and they were about 91-98% of the Soxhlet extraction yield. By adapting APD-AED method in the case of UAE, the intensive optimum conditions of the extraction, i.e. 70% EtOH, 30 mL/g, APD of 0.22 W/mL, AED of 450 J/mL are able to achieve similar scale up results.
Keywords: Microwave Extraction, Ultrasonic Extraction, Bioactive Compounds, Orthosiphon Stamineus, Scale Up
JEL Classification: C61, A00, B00, C90, I20, Q20, Q00, Q16, Q32
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