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Spatial Nexus in Crime and Unemployment in Times of Crises

37 Pages Posted: 25 May 2017  

Povilas Lastauskas

Center for Excellence in Finance and Economic Research; Vilnius University

Eirini Tatsi

Stockholm University

Date Written: February 14, 2017

Abstract

Space is important. In this paper we use the global financial crisis as an exogenous shock to the German labor market to elucidate the spatial nexus between crime and unemployment. Our contribution is twofold: first, we lay down a parsimonious spatial labor market model with search frictions, criminal opportunities, and, unlike earlier analyses, productivity shocks which link criminal engagement with employment status. Second, we seek empirical support using data on the 402 German regions and years 2009‚ąí2010, in a setting that not only allows for crime spatial multipliers but also circumvents reverse causality by exploiting exogenous changes in unemployment due to the crisis. As predicted by our theory, the destruction of the lowest productivity matches, measured by increases in unemployment rates, has a significant impact on pure property crime (housing burglary and theft of/from motor vehicles) and street crime. The analysis offers important implications for local government policy.

Keywords: Crime, Unemployment, Spatial Econometrics, Global Financial Crisis

JEL Classification: C31, J64, K42, R10

Suggested Citation

Lastauskas, Povilas and Tatsi, Eirini, Spatial Nexus in Crime and Unemployment in Times of Crises (February 14, 2017). USC-INET Research Paper No. 17-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2922259 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2922259

Povilas Lastauskas (Contact Author)

Center for Excellence in Finance and Economic Research ( email )

Totoriu g. 4
Vilnius, LT-01121
Lithuania

HOME PAGE: http://www.lb.lt/cefer

Vilnius University ( email )

Lithuania

Eirini Tatsi

Stockholm University ( email )

SOFI
Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, Stockholm SE-106 91
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/etatsi/

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