Declining Dynamism, Allocative Efficiency, and the Productivity Slowdown
14 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2017
Date Written: 2017-02-07
A large literature documents declining measures of business dynamism including high-growth young firm activity and job reallocation. A distinct literature describes a slowdown in the pace of aggregate labor productivity growth. We relate these patterns by studying changes in productivity growth from the late 1990s to the mid 2000s using firm-level data. We find that diminished allocative efficiency gains can account for the productivity slowdown in a manner that interacts with the within-firm productivity growth distribution. The evidence suggests that the decline in dynamism is reason for concern and sheds light on debates about the causes of slowing productivity growth.
Keywords: Job reallocation, Labor supply and demand, Productivity
JEL Classification: O47, L11, E24, J63
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