A Firm of One's Own: Experimental Evidence on Credit Constraints and Occupational Choice

45 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2017

See all articles by Andrew Brudevold-Newman

Andrew Brudevold-Newman

University of Maryland

Maddalena Honorati

World Bank

Pamela Jakiela

University of Maryland

Owen W. Ozier

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Abstract

We conducted a randomized evaluation of two labor market interventions targeted to young women aged 18 to 19 in three of Nairobi's poorest neighborhoods. One treatment offered participants a bundled intervention designed to simultaneously relieve credit and human capital constraints; a second treatment provided women with an unrestricted cash grant, but no training or other support. Both interventions had economically large and statistically significant impacts on income over the medium-term (7 to 10 months after the end of the interventions), but these impacts dissipated in the second year after treatment. Our results are consistent with a model in which savings constraints prevent women from smoothing consumption after receiving large transfers – even in the absence of credit constraints, and when participants have no intention of remaining in entrepreneurship. We also show that participants hold remarkably accurate beliefs about the impacts of the treatments on occupational choice.

Keywords: youth unemployment, microenterprises, entrepreneurship, credit constraints, cash grants, training, Africa, gender

JEL Classification: J24, M53, O12

Suggested Citation

Brudevold-Newman, Andrew and Honorati, Maddalena and Jakiela, Pamela and Ozier, Owen W., A Firm of One's Own: Experimental Evidence on Credit Constraints and Occupational Choice. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10583, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2923669

Andrew Brudevold-Newman (Contact Author)

University of Maryland ( email )

Maddalena Honorati

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Pamela Jakiela

University of Maryland ( email )

College Park
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Owen W. Ozier

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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