Children's Economic and Social Rights
Unedited paper due to appear in T. Liefaard, U. Kilkelly, and S. Hoadley (eds) International Law on the Rights of the Child (Springer, Forthcoming)
20 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2017
Date Written: February 27, 2017
Recent years have seen a growing understanding of the relationship between poverty and human rights, an explosion in awareness of the status of children as right-holders, and increasing linkages being made between human rights and child poverty in the development context. Galvanised by mounting concerns about the impacts of economic globalisation and the 2007-8 crises on children, these developments have unsurprisingly focused academic and practitioner attention on those rights of children that are most directly related to ensuring children’s survival and development needs – namely children’s economic and social rights (ESR).
Focusing on the content of, and obligations imposed by, children’s economic and social rights, this chapter opens by locating ESR under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in terms of the broader international human rights framework on ESR. It then goes on to discuss the duties of states and other actors in terms of those rights, focusing in particular on Article 4 of the CRC. The chapter concludes with a discussion of what lies ahead for children’s ESR, highlighting crucial challenges including those posed by the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the ongoing marginalisation of children in global society.
Keywords: child rights, social rights, socio-economic rights, economic and social rights, children's rights, UNCRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child, rights of the child, budgets, resources, obligations, sustainable development, SDGs
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