Smart City Projects in India: Issues and Challenges

12 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2017

See all articles by Vinay Kandpal

Vinay Kandpal

University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Dehradun

Harmeet Kaur

Amity University

Vikas Tyagi

DIT University, Dehradun

Date Written: March 1, 2017


India has seen massive growth in its urban population in the recent decades. Government and policy makers are facing challenges such as increase in urban population from rural areas and huge gaps in infrastructure. Smart city would be a city with facilities like smart people, smart technology, smart energy, smart transportation, smart IT and communication and above all smart governance. This paper is an attempt to focus on the key issues and the challenges to develop new cities or improve the infrastructure facilities in our existing cities which are over populated and not properly managed. Further, this paper also focuses on the challenges in financing smart city projects in India. Government of India has recently made the Smart Cities Mission under which 100 smart cities would be made. Several initiatives are being led by the Government of India to convert 100 Cities into Smart Cities. The possible choices for smart city financing could be PPP, Debt financing, FDI and Viability gap funding. The government could use PPP Route and could also encourage FDI for effective implementation of Smart Cities Project in India.

Keywords: Smart City, Infrastructure Financing, FDI, PPP

Suggested Citation

Kandpal, Vinay and Kaur, Harmeet and Tyagi, Vikas, Smart City Projects in India: Issues and Challenges (March 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Vinay Kandpal (Contact Author)

University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Dehradun ( email )

Energy Acres
P.O. Bidholi via Premnagar,
Dehradun, IN Uttarakhand 248007
7417012388 (Phone)

Harmeet Kaur

Amity University ( email )

ASET- IT Department, Sec-125
Amity University, Sector 125
Noida, Uttar Pradesh 2013003

Vikas Tyagi

DIT University, Dehradun ( email )


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