Urban vs. Rural Destinations: Residents’ Perceptions, Community Participation and Support for Tourism Development
Tourism Management, Vol. 60, pp. 147-158, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2016.11.019
38 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2017 Last revised: 22 Sep 2018
Date Written: December 15, 2015
This paper investigates and compares the effects of residents' perceptions of the impacts of tourism on community participation and support for tourism development across urban and rural world heritage sites (WHSs). Partial least squares e structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), has been employed to perform the analysis. The results reveal significant differences between the effects of residents' perceptions and community participation on support for tourism development in urban and rural destinations. However, the findings did not support any differences between the effects of positive perceptions on community participation, and the indirect effects of negative perceptions on support for tourism development. This study makes a significant theoretical contribution to the urban and rural tourism and residents’ perceptions literature by comparing rural and urban WHSs residents. Furthermore, this study has a number of practical implications for the local authorities of rural and urban WHSs.
Keywords: Urban destination, Rural destination, Residents' perceptions, Community participation, Support for tourism development, World heritage site (WHS)
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