Why Countries Sign Bilateral Labor Agreements

52 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2017  

Adam S. Chilton

University of Chicago - Law School

Eric A. Posner

University of Chicago - Law School

Date Written: March 3, 2017

Abstract

Countries have entered several hundred bilateral labor agreements (BLAs), which control the conditions under which source countries send migrant workers to host countries. Using an original data set of 582 BLAs extending from 1945 to 2015, we conduct the first statistical examination of these agreements. We find that the standard explanation for BLAs—that they are entered into by countries with large differences in wealth and political regimes—is true for host countries are Middle Eastern, but this pattern reverses for other countries that have formed BLAs. We also find that countries that enter BLAs experience greater migration flows, though we are not able to verify that the BLAs cause these increases.

Suggested Citation

Chilton, Adam S. and Posner, Eric A., Why Countries Sign Bilateral Labor Agreements (March 3, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2926994

Adam S. Chilton (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Law School ( email )

1111 E. 60th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.adamchilton.org

Eric A. Posner

University of Chicago - Law School ( email )

1111 E. 60th St.
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-0425 (Phone)
773-702-0730 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.uchicago.edu/faculty/posner-e/

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