The Effectiveness of Certificates of Relief as Collateral Consequence Relief Mechanisms: An Experimental Study
Yale Law and Policy Review Inter Alia, Vol. 35, No. 11, 2016
12 Pages Posted: 5 Mar 2017
Date Written: November 7, 2016
Obtaining employment is difficult for ex-offenders due to the stigma of having a criminal record. In recognition of this difficulty, some state legislatures have created certificates of relief (also known as certificates of recovery), which lift occupational licensing restrictions, limit employer liability for negligent hiring claims, and aim to ensure that employment decisions about certificate holders are made on a case-by-case basis. The current study, which examines Ohio’s program for certificates of relief, presents the results of the first empirical test of the effectiveness of such certificates. This test indicates that having a certificate of relief increases the likelihood of receiving an interview invitation or job offer more than threefold. Importantly, certificate holders and their counterparts with clean criminal backgrounds were nearly equally likely to receive an interview invitation or job offer. These promising preliminary results suggest certificates of relief may be an effective avenue for lessening the stigma of a criminal record for ex-offenders seeking employment.
Keywords: certificates of relief, certificates of recovery, criminal records, employment, experiment, reentry, collateral consequences of conviction
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