Territorial Disputes in the Context of Secessionist Conflicts

M. Kohen & M. Hebie (eds), Research Handbook on Territorial Disputes in International Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017

48 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2017  

Theodore Christakis

University Grenoble-Alpes, CESICE, France; Institut Universitaire de France

Aristoteles Constantinides

University of Cyprus

Date Written: June 5, 2016

Abstract

In this chapter, we explore the territorial dimension of non-decolonization secessionist conflicts in international law. Our investigation is divided in three parts. The first part focuses on secessions resulting from violations of jus cogens norms. We conclude that contemporary international law prohibits such secessions and prescribes non-recognition as the legal consequence. In the second part, we explore the legal framework under general international law relating to unilateral secessions that do not involve violations of jus cogens. We conclude that even though international law neither authorizes nor outright prohibits unilateral secession it sets many obstacles and presumptions against its ultimate success, but ultimately leaves some space for the principle of effectiveness in exceptional cases. Our third part investigates consensual agreements in the context of secessionist conflicts, which have either led to the creation of new states or accommodated the self-determination aspirations of separatist entities within parent states based on territorial self-governance arrangements. This part also highlights the interplay between consent, effectivit├ęs and uti possidetis in state practice and also gives a close look to three arbitrations that dealt with territorial disputes in various non/post-colonial contexts.

Keywords: secession, self-determination, territorial disputes, effectiveness, jus cogens, recognition, non-recognition, uti possidetis, consent, territorial self-government, autonomy

Suggested Citation

Christakis, Theodore and Constantinides, Aristoteles, Territorial Disputes in the Context of Secessionist Conflicts (June 5, 2016). M. Kohen & M. Hebie (eds), Research Handbook on Territorial Disputes in International Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2927644

Theodore Christakis (Contact Author)

University Grenoble-Alpes, CESICE, France ( email )

151 Rue des Universit├ęs
BP 47
GRENOBLE, 38040
France

HOME PAGE: http://cesice.upmf-grenoble.fr/le-centre/theodore-christakis-173840.htm?RH=1265280570220

Institut Universitaire de France ( email )

103, bld Saint-Michel
75005 Paris
United States

HOME PAGE: http://cesice.upmf-grenoble.fr/le-centre/theodore-christakis-173840.htm?RH=1265280570220

Aristoteles Constantinides

University of Cyprus ( email )

75 Kallipoleos Street
Nicosia CY 1678, Nicosia P.O. Box 2
Cyprus

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