Gender Mainstreaming and Work-Family Reconciliation. An Analysis of Family Policies in Romania and Germany

The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, Vol.11, No. 2, pp. 49-74, December 2016

26 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2017

See all articles by Oana Crusmac

Oana Crusmac

National University of Political Studies and Public Administration

Isabel Köhler

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: December 28, 2016

Abstract

Gender Mainstreaming (GM) was introduced by the European Union (EU) in 1997, as a strategy to achieve gender equality in all policy areas. Yet, European countries greatly diverge in their progress of implementation. We investigate the role GM played in Romanian and German policies aimed at achieving work-family reconciliation, using concepts from feminist policy analysis. Our analysis shows that pre-existing policies and discourse, the economic situation, as well as the relationship with the EU have shaped and impeded the implementation process of GM in both countries. While Germany slowly moves towards more egalitarian policies, GM as label and strategy did not succeed. In Romania, GM has only impacted work and family reconciliation indirectly through EU legislation.

Keywords: Gender Mainstreaming, Feminist Policy Analysis, Parental Leave, Childcare

Suggested Citation

Crusmac, Oana and Köhler, Isabel, Gender Mainstreaming and Work-Family Reconciliation. An Analysis of Family Policies in Romania and Germany (December 28, 2016). The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics, Vol.11, No. 2, pp. 49-74, December 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2928559 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2928559

Oana Crusmac (Contact Author)

National University of Political Studies and Public Administration ( email )

București
Romania

Isabel Köhler

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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