Implementing Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities
20, International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 198 (2017)
28 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2017
Date Written: 2017
The publication of the US National Academy of Sciences report Toxicity Testing in the Twenty-First Century: A Vision and a Strategy (TT21C) has led to the development of new scientific techniques to modernize regulatory toxicity testing. From 2009 to 2010, a series of five international symposia were held to examine challenges, opportunities and policy issues associated with TT21C. Seven key themes emerged based on these meetings; that the TT21C vision and strategy: 1) is not self-implementing; 2) demands new toxicology techniques; 3) has a number of scientific knowledge gaps that need to be filled; 4) requires evaluation of the new tests to determine relevance, reliability, validity and regulatory acceptance by government agencies; 5) can be implemented under TSCA and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) as currently written; 6) requires multi-stakeholder input and commitment; 7) should harmonize acceptance of test data and methods on an international level.
Keywords: risk assessment, risk management, toxicity pathway, Toxic Substances Control Act, TSCA, environmental agents, REACH, EU Cosmetic act
JEL Classification: K00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation