Auction Schemes, Bidding Strategies and the Cost-Optimal Level of Promoting Renewable Electricity in Germany

FCN Working Paper No. 19/2015

58 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017

See all articles by Andreas Voss

Andreas Voss

RWTH Aachen University

Reinhard Madlener

RWTH Aachen University

Date Written: February 2017


Germany is among the leading countries regarding the promotion of renewable energy towards a sustainable energy system transition. In this paper, we investigate the German pilot auction scheme for solar photovoltaics introduced in the Renewable Energies Act 2014 (EEG 2104) that serves as a pilot for the auction-based promotion of the three major large-scale renewable electricity generation technologies (wind, solar, biomass) after 2017. A strategic bidding model is used to determine the optimal bidding strategy and to determine the resulting project value. We consider pay-as-bid and uniform pricing and single and multiple bids. Moreover, we investigate the impact of investment cost uncertainty. In a sensitivity analysis we show how bid strategy adjustments affect the outcome. Specifically, higher uncertainty regarding the market clearing price increases the project value, as this additional uncertainty can be used to raise the probability of obtaining a higher level of remuneration by an adjusted auction strategy. The first-price auction can generate additional profits by placing a second, higher bid with a low probability of success. Investment cost uncertainty can have either a positive or negative impact on the project value, depending on the auction parameter values chosen.

Keywords: Renewable energy, pay-as-bid auction, uniform pricing auction, feed-in tariff, Germany

JEL Classification: D44, O13, P47, Q42, Q48

Suggested Citation

Voss, Andreas and Madlener, Reinhard, Auction Schemes, Bidding Strategies and the Cost-Optimal Level of Promoting Renewable Electricity in Germany (February 2017). FCN Working Paper No. 19/2015, Available at SSRN: or

Andreas Voss

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

Templergraben 55
52056 Aachen, 52056

Reinhard Madlener (Contact Author)

RWTH Aachen University ( email )

School of Business and Economics / E.ON ERC
Mathieustra├če 10
Aachen, 52074
+49 241 80 49 820 (Phone)
+49 241 80 49 829 (Fax)


Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics