Mechanism in Improving the Performance of Disabled Using Embedded Systems

International Journal of Advanced Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJARMETVol. 2, Issue 4 (Oct. - Dec. 2016)

Posted: 27 Mar 2017

See all articles by Boselin Prabhu

Boselin Prabhu

VSB College of Engineering

A. Antony

Karpagam Institute of Technology - Electrical and Electronics Engineering

N. Balakumar

Tamil Nadu College of Engineering - Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

Home automation or smart home is the residential extension of building automation and involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers that use WiFi for remote monitoring. Modern systems generally consist of switches and sensors connected to a central hub sometimes called a "gateway" from which the system is controlled with a user interface that is interacted either with a wall-mounted terminal, mobile phone software, tablet computer or a web interface, often but not always via internet cloud services. While there are many competing vendors, there are very few world-wide accepted industry standards and the smart home space is heavily fragmented. Popular communications protocol for products include X10, Ethernet, RS-485, Bluetooth LE (BLE), ZigBee and Z-Wave, or other proprietary protocols all of which are incompatible with each other.

Manufacturers often prevent independent implementations by withholding documentation and by suing people. Home automation suffers from platform fragmentation and lack of technical standards a situation where the variety of home automation devices, in terms of both hardware variations and differences in the software running on them, makes the task of developing applications that work consistently between different inconsistent technology ecosystems hard. Customers may be hesitant to bet their IoT future on proprietary software or hardware devices that use proprietary protocols that may fade or become difficult to customize and interconnect. Home automation or smart home (also known as domotics or domotica) is the residential extension of building automation and involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers that use Wi-Fi for remote monitoring. Modern systems generally consist of switches and sensors connected to a central hub sometimes called a "gateway" from which the system is controlled with a user interface that is interacted either with a wall-mounted terminal, mobile phone software, tablet computer or a web interface, often but not always via internet cloud services. Zigbee has a defined rate of 250 kbits/s, best suited for periodic or intermittent data or a single signal transmission from a sensor or input device. The wireless home Automation systems is supposed to be implemented in existing home environments, without any changes in the infrastructure.

Suggested Citation

Prabhu, S.R.Boselin and Antony, A. and Balakumar, N., Mechanism in Improving the Performance of Disabled Using Embedded Systems (2016). International Journal of Advanced Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJARMETVol. 2, Issue 4 (Oct. - Dec. 2016) . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2929281

S.R.Boselin Prabhu (Contact Author)

VSB College of Engineering ( email )

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India

A. Antony

Karpagam Institute of Technology - Electrical and Electronics Engineering ( email )

India

N. Balakumar

Tamil Nadu College of Engineering - Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering ( email )

Palanisame Ravi Nagar
Tamil, Nadu 641659
India

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