Modern Techniques to Attain Smart Vehicular Schemes Using Embedded Systems
International Journal of Advanced Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJARMET), Vol. 2, Issue 4, (Oct.-Dec. 2016)
Posted: 27 Mar 2017
Date Written: 2016
The technical challenges that remain to be mastered to be involve software safety, fault detection, a malfunction management. The state of the art of software design not yet sufficiently advanced to support the development of software that can be guaranteed to perform correctly in safety–critical application has complex road vehicle automation excellent performance of automated vehicle control system has been proven under normal operating conditions, in the absence of failures. Elementary fault detection and mall function management systems have already being implemented to address the most frequently encounter fault conditions, for use by well-trained test drivers. However, commercially implemented will need to address all realistic scenarios and provide safe responses even when the driver is a completely untrained member of the general public. Significant efforts are still needed to develop system hardware and software designs that can satisfy these requirements. The non-technical challenges involve issues of liability, costs, and perception. Automated control of vehicles shifts liability for most crashes from the individual driver (and his or her insurance company) to the designer, developer and vendor of the vehicle and roadway control systems. Provided the system is indeed safer than today’s driver-vehicle highway system, overall liability exposure should be reduced. But its costs will be shifted from automobile insurance premiums to the purchase or lease price of the automated vehicle and toll for use of the automated highway facility. All new technologies tend to be costly when they become available in small quantities, then their costs decline as production volumes increase and the technologies nature. We should expect vehicle automation technologies to follow the same patter. They may initially be economically viable only for heavy vehicles (transit buses, commercial trucks) and high-end passenger cars. However, it should not take long for the costs to become affordable to a wide range of vehicle owners and operators, especially with many of the enabling technologies already being commercialized for volume production today. It is important to recognize that automated vehicles are already carrying millions of passengers every day. Most major airports have automated people movers that transfer passengers among terminal buildings. Urban transit lines in Paris, London, Vancouver, Lyon and Lillie, among others, are operating with completely automated, driverless vehicles; some have been doing so for more than a decade. Modern commercial aircraft operate on autopilot for much of the time, and they also land under automatic control at suitably equipped airports on a regular basis. The main goal of this paper is to make the experience of driving less burdensome and accident less, especially on long trips. This can be achieved by making the highway itself part of the driving experience and integrating roadside technologies that would allow the overburdened highway system to be used more efficiently.
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