“Alvaro d’Ors,” in Rafael Domingo and Javier Martinez-Torron, Great Christian Jurists in Spanish History (Cambridge University Press, New York, Cambridge, 2018) (Forthcoming)
21 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017 Last revised: 24 Aug 2017
Date Written: March 9, 2017
This chapter describes the life and career of Álvaro d’Ors (1915-2004), a great polymath of Spanish education of the twentieth century and a central figure in the development of the University of Navarra in northern Spain. While he is best known for his work on Roman law, he also made significant contributions to political theology, political philosophy, legal theory, and legal historyÁlvaro d’Ors was a scholar of antiquity and an original legal and political thinker devoted to university life. D’Ors especially advocated for: a) the recovering of the Roman distinction between moral authority (auctoritas) and constituted power (potestas); b) the primacy of legitimacy over legality; and c) building an international community of peoples based on individual and social preferences instead of territorial sovereign states. A central figure in the development of the University of Navarra, he mentored relevant scholars, especially in the Spanish-speaking world. Most of his writings remain unknown in the English-speaking world.
Keywords: Alvaro d'Ors, Spanish jurists, auctoritas, potestas, natural law, Roman law, University of Navarra, legitimacy, natural law
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