Household Energy Consumption and Its Determinants in Timor-Leste
Asian Development Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 167–197, 2017
31 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 7, 2017
Using data from the 2007 Timor-Leste Living Standards Survey, this paper examines the determinants of household energy choices in Timor-Leste. The majority of households are dependent on dirty fuels such as fuelwood and kerosene for energy. Only a small fraction of households use clean energy such as electricity. Econometric results show that wealthy households, urban households, and those headed by individuals with higher levels of education are less likely to use and depend on kerosene and more likely to use and depend on electricity. While female-headed households are generally more likely to use and depend on fuelwood, richer female-headed households are more likely to use and depend on electricity. Our findings highlight the importance of ensuring an adequate supply of clean energy for all at affordable prices and of investing in education to raise awareness about the adverse impacts of using dirty fuels.
Keywords: Education, Energy, Fuelwood, Household, Income, Timor-Leste
JEL Classification: D12, I25, I31, Q42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation