Gender Differences in Lying in Sender-Receiver Games: A Meta-Analysis
Judgment and Decision Making, 13, 345-355, July 2018
11 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017 Last revised: 3 Aug 2018
Date Written: May 16, 2018
Whether there are gender di erences in lying has been largely debated in the past decade. Previous studies found mixed results. To shed light on this topic, here I report a meta-analysis of 8,728 distinct observations, collected in 65 Sender-Receiver game treatments, by 14 research groups. Following previous work and theoretical considerations, I distinguish three types of lies: black lies, which benefit the liar at a cost for another person; altruistic white lies, which benefit another person at a cost for the liar; and Pareto white lies, which benefit both the liar and another person. The results show that: males are significantly more likely than females to tell black lies (N=4,173); males are significantly more likely than females to tell altruistic white (N=2,940); and results are inconclusive in the case of Pareto white lies (N=1,615). Furthermore, gender di erences in telling altruistic white lies are significantly stronger than in the other two cases.
Keywords: lying, honesty, deception, gender differences, sex differences
JEL Classification: C70, C79, C90, C91, C92, D64, D70, D71, H41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation