PESE Influences on Olympic Performance
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), Volume 20, Issue 11, Ver. II, PP 79-84, (Nov. 2015)
7 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2017
Date Written: November 2015
The Olympic Game being considered as the most competitive and major sport event in the world. Consequently, studies based on Olympic performance yield an important place in the sport studies. The main purpose of this study is to examine the predication capacity of predicators which have been reviled by several authors previously. Among those studies predicting Olympic performance takes a significant stand. This study reviled the significance of political, economic, socio-cultural, and ecological (PESE) factors in predicting the performances of Olympic Game. The basic political background, GDP per capita, population size, HDI and host city advantages were considered to represent those factors respectively. Year 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games, and countries at least taken one medal in each game were selected for the sample. As the nature of the study, secondary data were associated and used official published reports that relevant to those dimensions of variables to maintain the validity of the data. The step wise multiple regression analysis was employed to measure the predication capacity of the independent variables with the inferential statistics of the model. The degree of determinants of the overall model was 0.32 means that the reading capacity of the dependent variable by the independent variables is 32%. All estimation of the model were statistically significance at 95% level of confidence.. The above results shows that weak relationship of all factors with Olympic performance and therefore it can be concluded PESE related factors do not help considerably to predict the Olympic performance.
Keywords: Olympic Games, Olympic Performance, PESTEL Analysis, Sport
JEL Classification: A 12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation