Where's the Teacher? How Teacher Workplace Segregation Impedes Teacher Allocation in India
44 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017
Social or ethnic segregation can impede the equitable allocation of public resources in developing countries. We study an under-explored dimension; the allocation of public sector teachers in India. Using a register database for 2006-12, we construct indicators for the equality of teacher allocation and workplace segregation of teachers by gender and caste within districts. While pupil-teacher ratios have improved, the equality of teacher allocation has not. We show that allocation and segregation are connected; in districts with a higher degree of initial teacher segregation, a lower share of schools met pupil-teacher norms imposed by the Right to Education Act (2009).
Keywords: teachers, public service delivery, segregation, caste, India, right to education
JEL Classification: H75, I24, J45, M54
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