Where's the Teacher? How Teacher Workplace Segregation Impedes Teacher Allocation in India

44 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2017

See all articles by Sonja Fagernäs

Sonja Fagernäs

University of Sussex - Department of Economics

Panu Pelkonen

University of Sussex - Department of Economics; London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)

Abstract

Social or ethnic segregation can impede the equitable allocation of public resources in developing countries. We study an under-explored dimension; the allocation of public sector teachers in India. Using a register database for 2006-12, we construct indicators for the equality of teacher allocation and workplace segregation of teachers by gender and caste within districts. While pupil-teacher ratios have improved, the equality of teacher allocation has not. We show that allocation and segregation are connected; in districts with a higher degree of initial teacher segregation, a lower share of schools met pupil-teacher norms imposed by the Right to Education Act (2009).

Keywords: teachers, public service delivery, segregation, caste, India, right to education

JEL Classification: H75, I24, J45, M54

Suggested Citation

Fagernäs, Sonja and Pelkonen, Panu, Where's the Teacher? How Teacher Workplace Segregation Impedes Teacher Allocation in India. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10595, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2931332

Sonja Fagernäs (Contact Author)

University of Sussex - Department of Economics ( email )

Mantell Building
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RF
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/profiles/128581

Panu Pelkonen

University of Sussex - Department of Economics

Mantell Building
Falmer
Brighton, Sussex BNI 9RF
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/economics/people/peoplelists/person/258681

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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