Flexible Citizenship for a Global Society

Zurich IEER Working Paper No. 94

37 Pages Posted: 6 Dec 2001

Date Written: November 2001


States are ill equipped to meet the challenges of a globalized world. The concept of citizenship with its rights and obligations, including the allegiance owed, is too narrowly defined to exist only between individuals and a state. Today, people identify with, and pay allegiance to, many organizations beyond the state. This paper suggests that citizenship could be extended further and be possible between individuals and quasi-governmental organizations, as well as non-governmental organizations, such as churches, clubs, interest groups, functional organizations and profit firms. Due to the larger set of types of citizenship individuals could choose from, their preferences would be better fulfilled and, due to the competition for citizens induced among organizations, the efficiency of public activity would be raised.

Keywords: Citizenship, Public Goods, Political Competition

JEL Classification: H1, H4, H7

Suggested Citation

Frey, Bruno S., Flexible Citizenship for a Global Society (November 2001). Zurich IEER Working Paper No. 94, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=293188 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.293188

Bruno S. Frey (Contact Author)

CREMA ( email )

Südstrasse 11
Zurich, CH 8008
+41 44 380 00 78 (Phone)

University of Basel ( email )

Peter Merian-Weg 6
Basel, 4002

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