Leveraged Buyouts: A Survey of the Literature

CentER Paper Discussion Series No. 2017-015

86 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2017

See all articles by Luc Renneboog

Luc Renneboog

Tilburg University - Department of Finance; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Cara Vansteenkiste

UNSW Australia Business School, School of Banking and Finance

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Date Written: March 9, 2017

Abstract

This paper provides an exhaustive literature review of the motives for public-to-private LBO transactions. First, the paper develops the theoretical framework for the potential sources of value creation from going private: a distinction is made between the reduction in agency costs, stakeholder wealth transfers, tax benefits, transaction costs savings, takeover defense strategies, and corporate undervaluation. The paper then reviews and summarizes whether and how these theories have been empirically verified in the four different strands of literature in LBO research. These strands of literature are categorized by phase in the LBO transaction: Intent (of a buyout), Impact (of the LBO on the various stakeholders), Process (of restructuring after the leveraged buyout) and Duration (of retaining the private status). Then, the paper shows that in the first half of the 2000s, a public-to-private LBO wave re-emerged in the US, UK and Continental Europe, whose value vastly exceeded that of the 1980s US LBO wave. Finally, the paper provides suggestions for further research.

Keywords: Public-to-private transactions, Going-private deals, Private equity, Management buyout, Leveraged buyout, Management buy-in, MBO, LBO, reverse LBO

JEL Classification: G3, G32, G34, G38

Suggested Citation

Renneboog, Luc and Vansteenkiste, Cara, Leveraged Buyouts: A Survey of the Literature (March 9, 2017). CentER Paper Discussion Series No. 2017-015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2932114 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2932114

Luc Renneboog (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Warandelaan 2
5000 LE Tilburg
Netherlands
+13 31 466 8210 (Phone)
+13 31 466 2875 (Fax)

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels
Belgium

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Warandelaan 2
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Cara Vansteenkiste

UNSW Australia Business School, School of Banking and Finance ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2052
Australia

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