Can Television Reduce Xenophobia? The Case of East Germany

66 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2020

See all articles by Lars Hornuf

Lars Hornuf

University of Bremen - Faculty of Business Studies and Economics; Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Marc Oliver Rieger

University of Trier

Sven Hartmann

Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU)

Date Written: July 7, 2020

Abstract

Can television have a mitigating effect on xenophobia? To examine this question, we exploit the fact that individuals in some areas of East Germany - due to their geographic location - could not receive West German television until 1989. Following intergroup contact theory, we conjecture that individuals who received West German television were exposed more frequently to foreigners and thus have developed less xenophobia. We show that regions that could receive West German television were less likely to vote for extreme right parties during the nationalelections from 1994 to 2017 and exhibited less criminal offenses against refugees.

Keywords: Mass media, Television, Xenophobia, Attitudes towards foreigners, East Germany, Natural experiment

JEL Classification: D72, L82, P30

Suggested Citation

Hornuf, Lars and Rieger, Marc Oliver and Hartmann, Sven, Can Television Reduce Xenophobia? The Case of East Germany (July 7, 2020). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6632, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2932276 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2932276

Lars Hornuf (Contact Author)

University of Bremen - Faculty of Business Studies and Economics ( email )

Bremen, D-28359
Germany
+49 89 20348619 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.hornuf.com

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Marc Oliver Rieger

University of Trier ( email )

15, Universitaetsring
Trier, 54286
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.banking-finance.uni-trier.de

Sven Hartmann

Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) ( email )

Behringstr. 21
Campus II, Building H, 7. Floor
Trier, DE 54296
Germany

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