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How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions?

51 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2017  

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University

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Date Written: March 14, 2017

Abstract

We estimate the effects of childcare enrollment on child outcomes by exploiting a staggered childcare expansion across regions in Japan. We find that childcare improves language development among boys and reduces aggression and the symptoms of ADHD among the children of low-education mothers. Estimates show that the improved child behavior is strongly associated with better parenting quality and maternal wellbeing. Evidence also suggests that promoting positive parenting practices is an important element of an effective childcare program. Our estimates for marginal treatment effects indicate that children who would benefit most from childcare are less likely to attend, implying inefficient allocation.

Keywords: cognitive skill, non-cognitive skill, early childhood education, marginal treatment effect

JEL Classification: H4, I2, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Yamaguchi, Shintaro and Asai, Yukiko and Kambayashi, Ryo, How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions? (March 14, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2932875

Shintaro Yamaguchi (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Tokyo, TOKYO 113-0033
Japan

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University ( email )

2-1 Naka Kunitachi-shi
Tokyo 186-8601
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/English/faculty/kambayashi.html

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