How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions?

63 Pages Posted: 15 Mar 2017 Last revised: 5 May 2018

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 26, 2018

Abstract

We estimate the effects of childcare enrollment on child outcomes by exploiting a staggered childcare expansion across regions in Japan. We find that childcare improves language development and reduces the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression among the children of low-education mothers. Estimates show that the improved child behavior is strongly associated with better parenting quality, which seems to be brought about by reducing parents' stress and improving their subjective well-being. Our estimates for marginal treatment effects indicate that children who would benefit most from childcare are less likely to attend, implying inefficient allocation.

Keywords: cognitive skill, non-cognitive skill, early childhood education, marginal treatment effect

JEL Classification: H4, I2, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Yamaguchi, Shintaro and Asai, Yukiko and Kambayashi, Ryo, How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions? (April 26, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2932875 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2932875

Shintaro Yamaguchi (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Tokyo, TOKYO 113-0033
Japan

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University ( email )

2-1 Naka Kunitachi-shi
Tokyo 186-8601
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/English/faculty/kambayashi.html

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