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Text As Data

53 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2017  

Matthew Gentzkow

Stanford University

Bryan T. Kelly

University of Chicago - Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Matt Taddy

University of Chicago

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Date Written: February 15, 2017


An ever increasing share of human interaction, communication, and culture is recorded as digital text. We provide an introduction to the use of text as an input to economic research. We discuss the features that make text different from other forms of data, offer a practical overview of relevant statistical methods, and survey a variety of applications.

Suggested Citation

Gentzkow, Matthew and Kelly, Bryan T. and Taddy, Matt, Text As Data (February 15, 2017). Available at SSRN: or

Matthew Gentzkow

Stanford University ( email )

Bryan Kelly (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Finance ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-8359 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Matt Taddy

University of Chicago ( email )

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