Sibling Spillovers

32 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2017

See all articles by Sandra E. Black

Sandra E. Black

University of Texas at Austin - Center for Law, Business, and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Sanni Breining

Aarhus University

David N. Figlio

Northwestern University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jonathan Guryan

Northwestern University - Human Development and Social Policy (HDSP) Program; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Krzysztof Karbownik

Northwestern University

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jeffrey Roth

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 27, 2017

Abstract

It is notoriously difficult to identify peer effects within the family, because of the common shocks and reflection problems. We make use of a novel identification strategy and unique data in order to gain some purchase on this problem. We employ data from the universe of children born in Florida between 1994 and 2002 and in Denmark between 1990 and 2001, which we match to school and medical records. To address the identification problem, we examine the effects of having a sibling with a disability. Utilizing three-plus-child families, we employ a differences-in-differences research design which makes use of the fact that birth order influences the amount of time which a child spends in early childhood with their siblings, disabled or not. We observe consistent evidence in both locations that the second child in a family is differentially affected when the third child is disabled. We also provide evidence which suggests that the sibling spillovers are working at least in part through the relative exposure to parental time and financial resources.

Keywords: sibling spillovers, child care, sibling fixed effects

JEL Classification: I000, J130

Suggested Citation

Black, Sandra E. and Breining, Sanni and Figlio, David N. and Guryan, Jonathan and Karbownik, Krzysztof and Nielsen, Helena Skyt and Roth, Jeffrey and Simonsen, Marianne, Sibling Spillovers (February 27, 2017). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6348. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2934184

Sandra E. Black

University of Texas at Austin - Center for Law, Business, and Economics ( email )

Austin, TX
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

Sanni Breining

Aarhus University ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

David N. Figlio

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Jonathan Guryan

Northwestern University - Human Development and Social Policy (HDSP) Program ( email )

2046 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Krzysztof Karbownik (Contact Author)

Northwestern University ( email )

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Fuglesangs Alle 4
Aarhus, 8210
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://person.au.dk/hnielsen@econ.au.dk

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jeffrey Roth

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics ( email )

PO Box 100296
Gainesville, FL 32610-0496
United States
3522620147 (Phone)
3522739054 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://familydata.health.ufl.edu/

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

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