Manufacturing Pluralism in Brazilian Economics: The Role of ANPEC As Institutional Mediator and Stabilizer
Manufacturing Pluralism in Brazilian Economics: the role of ANPEC as institutional mediator and stabilizer – CEDEPLAR/UFMG – TD 545 (2016)
27 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2017
Date Written: December 01, 2016
Brazilian academic economics has been traditionally characterized by its openness to different strands of economic theory. In contrast to the standards prevailing in most of Europe and North America, economics in Brazil can be justly described as pluralistic, with competing schools of thought enjoying relatively secure institutional positions. One of the reasons frequently ascribed for this outcome is the role played by ANPEC, the Brazilian economics association, in mediating conflicts among graduate programs affiliated to different research traditions. A crucial episode in this respect took place in the early 1970s, when the recently born association chose to adopt an inclusive stance towards its membership, welcoming the filiation of the strongly heterodox program at the University of Campinas (Unicamp) even against threats of withdrawal from one of its most prestigious members, the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV). Using a host of primary sources related to the early years of Brazilian academic economics, the paper uncovers the process that led ANPEC, with strong support from the Ford Foundation, to adopt an inclusive and ‘pluralistic’ attitude, and how it related to the political context prevailing in Brazil during the 1970s.
Keywords: pluralism, ANPEC, FGV, Unicamp, Ford Foundation, sociology of the economics profession
JEL Classification: B20, A14, A23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation