The Impact of Public and Private Research Support on Premature Cancer Mortality and Hospitalization in the U.S., 1999-2013

24 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2017 Last revised: 26 Mar 2017

See all articles by Frank R. Lichtenberg

Frank R. Lichtenberg

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: March 2017

Abstract

We use data from PubMed and other sources to examine the impact of public and private research support on premature (before ages 75, 65, and 55) cancer mortality and hospitalization, by estimating difference-in-differences models based on longitudinal, cancer-site-level data on about 30 cancer sites. The estimates indicate that cancer sites about which more research-supported articles were published since the 1970s had larger reductions in premature mortality and hospitalization during the period 1999-2013, controlling for the change in the number of people diagnosed. Cancer sites for which more non-research-supported articles were published did not have larger reductions in premature mortality or hospitalization.The research support that contributed to articles published during 1987-2001 reduced premature (before age 75) mortality at an average annual rate of 0.9% during the period 1999-2013, and it reduced the number of years of potential life lost before age 75 due to cancer in 2013 by 566 thousand. The research support that contributed to articles published during 1984-1998 reduced hospital discharges at an average annual rate of 4.1% during the period 1999-2013, and it reduced the number of hospital discharges due to cancer in 2013 by 566 thousand.

Suggested Citation

Lichtenberg, Frank R., The Impact of Public and Private Research Support on Premature Cancer Mortality and Hospitalization in the U.S., 1999-2013 (March 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23241. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2935447

Frank R. Lichtenberg (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

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