Local Preconditions and Transboundary Conservation: How Institutional Trust Affect Exploitation Patterns in Kaza
Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last revised: 12 Jun 2017
Date Written: 2017
Taking poaching of wild animals and plants -- as well as the resulting loss of biodiversity -- as our starting point, this paper sets out to explore the challenges facing transboundary governance of natural resources. More specifically, this paper focuses on the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA) and sets out to explore how differences in institutional preconditions across the five member states have affected ensuing exploitation patterns in the respective country's area of KAZA. With the point of departure in theories about collective action and natural resource management -- and with the help of survey answers from the Afrobarometer from districts falling within the boundaries of KAZA as well as fine-grained data on deforestation -- we hence explore how differences in issues such as trust, perceptions of corruption, and state-society relations in general affect the degree to which KAZA has been successful in terms of conservation.
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