Neighborhood Change, One Pint at a Time: The Impact of Local Characteristics on Craft Breweries

In: Untapped: Exploring the Cultural Dimensions of Craft Beer (pp. 155-176), edited by N. G. Chapman, J. S. Lellock, and C. D. Lippard. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press. ISBN 978-1-943665-68-6

23 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2017 Last revised: 29 Jul 2017

See all articles by Jesus M. Barajas

Jesus M. Barajas

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Geoff Boeing

Northeastern University - School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs; Northeastern University - Network Science Institute

Julie Wartell

University of California, San Diego

Date Written: March 18, 2017

Abstract

Cities have recognized the local impact of small craft breweries, altering municipal codes to make it easier to establish breweries as anchor points of economic development and revitalization. However, we do not know the extent to which these strategies impact change at the neighborhood scale across the U.S. In this chapter, we examine the relationship between the growth and locations of craft breweries and the incidence of neighborhood change. We rely on a unique data set of geocoded brewery locations that tracks openings and closings from 2004 to the present. Using measures of neighborhood change often found in the gentrification literature, we develop statistical models of census tract demographic and employment data to determine the extent to which brewery locations are associated with social and demographic shifts since 2000. The strongest predictor of whether a craft brewery opened in 2013 or later in a neighborhood was the presence of a prior brewery. We do not find evidence entirely consistent with the common narrative of a link between gentrification and craft brewing, but we do find a link between an influx of lower-to-middle income urban creatives and the introduction of a craft brewery. We advocate for urban planners to recognize the importance of craft breweries in neighborhood revitalization while also protecting residents from potential displacement.

Keywords: craft beer, brewing, neighborhood, gentrification, displacement, urban planning, economic development, revitalization

JEL Classification: N92, O1, O18, R11, L66, R14, R52

Suggested Citation

Barajas, Jesus M. and Boeing, Geoff and Wartell, Julie, Neighborhood Change, One Pint at a Time: The Impact of Local Characteristics on Craft Breweries (March 18, 2017). In: Untapped: Exploring the Cultural Dimensions of Craft Beer (pp. 155-176), edited by N. G. Chapman, J. S. Lellock, and C. D. Lippard. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press. ISBN 978-1-943665-68-6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2936427 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2936427

Jesus M. Barajas

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Urban and Regional Planning ( email )

611 E. Lorado Taft Drive
Temple Buell Hall
Champaign, IL 61821
United States

Geoff Boeing (Contact Author)

Northeastern University - School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs ( email )

343 Holmes Hall
360 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States

Northeastern University - Network Science Institute ( email )

177 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA MA 02115
United States

Julie Wartell

University of California, San Diego ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
Mail Code 0502
La Jolla, CA 92093-0112
United States

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