Schooling Institutions and Academic Achievement For Migrant Children in Urban China

Posted: 22 Mar 2017

See all articles by Xinxin Chen

Xinxin Chen

Zhejiang Gongshang University (ZJGSU)

Fang Lai

Stanford University

Hongmei Yi

School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

James Chu

Stanford University, Department of Sociology, Students; Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies

Date Written: March 20, 2017

Abstract

Using data collected in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, this paper identifies differences in student backgrounds and levels of school resources accessed between migrant students in private migrant schools and those in public urban schools. We then quantify differences in academic achievement between students in these two different schooling systems and employ multivariate regression to examine the extent to which differences in student background and school resources explain differences in achievement. In terms of student background, being from a disadvantaged background is associated with attendance in privately run migrant schools. Migrant schools are also inferior to public schools in terms of school resources. We find that migrants attending migrant schools score 0.56 standard deviations in math achievement below students in public schools. We find that this gap is better explained by differences in school resources (instead of student background). Based on these results, we suggest that government efforts to improve education quality for migrant students should focus on increasing access to public schools.

Keywords: migrant students, academic achievement´╝îschooling institutions, China

Suggested Citation

Chen, Xinxin and Lai, Fang and Yi, Hongmei and Zhang, Linxiu and Chu, James and Rozelle, Scott, Schooling Institutions and Academic Achievement For Migrant Children in Urban China (March 20, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2937706

Xinxin Chen

Zhejiang Gongshang University (ZJGSU)

Zhejiang
China

Fang Lai

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Hongmei Yi (Contact Author)

School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University ( email )

Room 412, Wangkezhen Buidling, Peking Unviersity
Beijing, 100871
China

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

James Chu

Stanford University, Department of Sociology, Students ( email )

Stanford
United States

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

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