Exporting Sweatshops? Evidence from Myanmar

44 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2017

See all articles by Mari Tanaka

Mari Tanaka

Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Economics

Date Written: March 22, 2017


I investigate the causal effect of exporting on working conditions and firm performance in Myanmar. This analysis draws on a new survey of manufacturing firms from 2013 to 2015. I use the rapid opening of Myanmar to foreign trade after 2011 alongside identification strategies that exploit product, geographic, and industry variations to obtain the causal estimates of the impact of trade. Exporting has large positive impacts on working conditions in terms of fire safety, healthcare management, freedom of negotiation, and wages. It also increases firm sales, employment, and management practices as well as the likelihood of receiving a labor audit.

Keywords: Labor Standards, Trade, Economic Development, Myanmar

JEL Classification: J8, F1, F63

Suggested Citation

Tanaka, Mari, Exporting Sweatshops? Evidence from Myanmar (March 22, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2938903 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2938903

Mari Tanaka (Contact Author)

Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Naka 2-1
Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8601

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