The Role of Pre-Opening Mechanisms in Fragmented Markets
60 Pages Posted: 23 Mar 2017 Last revised: 5 May 2017
Date Written: May 3, 2017
To facilitate price discovery, Euronext Paris has always relied on a transparent pre-opening phase and on a call auction to open continuous markets. Fast trading, competition from alternative trading venues and the poor volume at the open (2%) however question the role of these non-trading sessions. Using a unique dataset of stocks cross-traded on Euronext Paris, BATS and Chi-X, we explore the behavior of traders during the preopen based on their speed and nature of orders (proprietary, agency or market-making). We show that slow brokers submit orders very early, and most of them are executed within the day. In contrast, fast prop traders or dedicated liquidity providers only participate in the last half-hour. Interestingly the preopening message activity of slow brokers is strongly related to the price discovery process across trading venues. Finally, we show that although tentative clearing prices of the preopen contain information, they are followed by a reversal in the following 15 minutes across the different platforms, reflecting price pressure and liquidity issues around the open.
Keywords: pre-opening period, market fragmentation, liquidity, price discovery
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation