How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions?

McMaster University, Department of Economics, Working Paper Series 2017-05

52 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2017

See all articles by Shintaro Yamaguchi

Shintaro Yamaguchi

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 14, 2017

Abstract

We estimate the effects of childcare enrollment on child outcomes by exploiting a staggered childcare expansion across regions in Japan. We find that childcare improves language development among boys and reduces aggression and the symptoms of ADHD among the children of low-education mothers. Estimates show that the improved child behavior is strongly associated with better parenting quality and maternal wellbeing. Evidence also suggests that promoting positive parenting practices is an important element of an effective childcare program. Our estimates for marginal treatment effects indicate that children who would benefit most from childcare are less likely to attend, implying inefficient allocation.

Keywords: childcare, language development, ADHD, low-education mothers, child behavior, parenting practices

JEL Classification: J13

Suggested Citation

Yamaguchi, Shintaro and Asai, Yukiko and Kambayashi, Ryo, How Does Early Childcare Enrollment Affect Children, Parents, and Their Interactions? (March 14, 2017). McMaster University, Department of Economics, Working Paper Series 2017-05. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2939894 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2939894

Shintaro Yamaguchi (Contact Author)

University of Tokyo - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

Yukiko Asai

University of Tokyo - Institute of Social Science ( email )

Hongo 7-3-1
Tokyo, TOKYO 113-0033
Japan

Ryo Kambayashi

Hitotsubashi University ( email )

2-1 Naka Kunitachi-shi
Tokyo 186-8601
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/English/faculty/kambayashi.html

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