Temperature and Human Capital in India
68 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2017 Last revised: 6 Sep 2021
Date Written: April 20, 2020
We estimate the effects of temperature on human capital production in India. We show that high temperatures reduce both math and reading test scores through an agricultural income mechanism. The roll-out of a workfare program, by providing a safety net for the poor, substantially weakens the link between temperature and test scores. Our results imply that absent social protection programs, climate change will have large negative impacts on human capital production of poor populations in agrarian economies.
Keywords: Climate Change, Human Capital, Workfare, Agriculture
JEL Classification: Q54, O13, H53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation