Reconsidering Whether Women are Less Selfish than Men: Group Gender Composition Matters in Dictator Games

9 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2017

See all articles by Kazuhito Ogawa

Kazuhito Ogawa

Kansai University; Centre for Experimental Economics, Kansai University

Akihiro Suzuki

Yamagata University

Toru Takemoto

Tezukayama University

Hiromasa Takahashi

Hiroshima City University

Date Written: December 9, 2016

Abstract

This paper investigates gender differences in donating behavior in double-anonymous dictator game experiments. To do so, we developed a new treatment where researchers can connect the gender of a dictator to her/his donation amount despite both female and male dictators being gathered in a room (the mixed-sex treatment). The gender priming effect is induced by comparing female dictators in the mixed-sex treatment with those in the single-sex treatment, where only female dictators are collected.

Our findings are that:

(1) Women donated more in the single-sex treatment than in the mixed-sex treatment, although the donation rates of men are not significantly different between the two treatments.

(2)Women donated more than men in the single-sex treatment, although the donation rates between men and women are not significantly different in the mixed-sex treatment.

These results indicate that women are less selfish than men when there are only women in a room.

Keywords: other-regarding behavior, dictator game experiments, double-blind procedure, gender difference, and gender priming effect

JEL Classification: C92, D63, D79

Suggested Citation

Ogawa, Kazuhito and Suzuki, Akihiro and Takemoto, Toru and Takahashi, Hiromasa, Reconsidering Whether Women are Less Selfish than Men: Group Gender Composition Matters in Dictator Games (December 9, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2941276 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2941276

Kazuhito Ogawa (Contact Author)

Kansai University ( email )

3-3-35 Yamatecho
Osaka, 564-8680
Japan

Centre for Experimental Economics, Kansai University ( email )

3-3-35 Yamatecho
Osaka, 564-8680
Japan

Akihiro Suzuki

Yamagata University ( email )

Yamagata 990-8560
Japan

Toru Takemoto

Tezukayama University ( email )

7-1-1 Tezukayama
Nara City 631-8501
Japan

Hiromasa Takahashi

Hiroshima City University

3-4-1, Ozuka-Higashi
Hiroshima 731-3194
Japan

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