The Effects of a Simplified Criminal Procedure: Evidence from One Million Czech Cases
48 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 27, 2017
We estimate the effects of a simplified criminal procedure applicable to minor crimes on case durations and probabilities of charges and conviction. The identification strategy exploits a quasi-natural experiment in the implementation of the simplified procedure across districts. The procedure reduces the duration of the pre-trial phase and increases the probability that the prosecutor will charge the defendant in court. The effects on the duration of the court phase and the probability of conviction at trial are less significant. The resources released by the use of the simplified procedure could be allocated to serious cases. However, we do not find evidence of such beneficial spillovers.
Keywords: Criminal procedure, law enforcement, courts, prosecutors
JEL Classification: K14, K41, K42
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