Yield Curve Forecast Combinations Based on Bond Portfolio Performance
Journal of Forecasting, Forthcoming
33 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 27, 2017
We propose an economically motivated forecast combination strategy in which model weights are related to portfolio returns obtained by a given forecast model. An empirical application based on an optimal mean-variance bond portfolio problem is used to highlight the advantages of the proposed approach with respect to combination methods based on statistical measures of forecast accuracy. We compute average net excess returns, standard deviation, and the Sharpe ratio of bond portfolios obtained with 9 alternative yield curve specifications, as well as with 12 different forecast combination strategies. Return-based forecast combination schemes clearly outperformed approaches based on statistical measures of forecast accuracy in terms of economic criteria. Moreover, return-based approaches that dynamically selects only the model with highest weight each period and discard all other models delivered even better results, evidencing not only the advantages of trimming forecast combinations but also the ability of the proposed approach to detect best performing models. To analyze the robustness of our results, different levels of risk aversion and a different data set are considered.
Keywords: Forecast Combinations, Portfolio Optimization, Yield Curve, Bond Returns
JEL Classification: C53, E47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation