Paddy Farmers’ Adaptation Practices to Climatic Vulnerabilities in Malaysia
Mitigation and Adaptation for Global Change (ISSN 1381-2386), Vol. 16(7), 2011
10 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2017
Date Written: 2011
The climatic factors in Malaysia have been changing very rapidly affecting agricultural productivity and farmers’ sustainable livelihood. Agriculture which depends heavily on climate is becoming increasingly vulnerable to risk and uncertainty. In order to face and manage the situation farmers are trying in various ways to adapt to these climatic vulnerabilities. This study analyses paddy farmers’ perception of climatic variations and vulnerabilities and focuses on the techniques they use to adapt to the situation. It uses primary data collected through a questionnaire survey on the paddy farmers in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area (IADA), North-West Selangor in Malaysia. Through a descriptive analysis of the data, the study finds that most farmers do not have a clear perception of the climatic changes and vulnerabilities. Farmers’ adaptation practices to the climatic vulnerability are mostly based on their common sense responses. It suggests that farmers need necessary training and support from the government and international agencies to make them able to effectively adapt to the climatic vulnerability and avert any adverse effect on their socioeconomic sustainability and national food security.
Keywords: Agricultural Sustainability; Climate Change; Climatic Vulnerability; Adaptation Technique; Farmer; Paddy; Malaysia
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