An Econometric Analysis of the Mental-Health Effects of Major Events in the Life of Elderly Individuals
32 Pages Posted: 20 Dec 2001
Date Written: December 2001
Major events in the life of an elderly individual, such as retirement, a significant decrease in income, death of the spouse, disability, and a move to a nursing home, may affect the mental health status of the individual. For example, the individual may enter a prolonged depression. We investigate this using unique longitudinal panel data that track labour market behaviour, health status, and major life events, over time. To deal with endogenous aspects of these events we apply fixed effects estimation methods. We find some strikingly large effects of certain events on the occurrence of depression. We show that the results are of importance for the design of health care and labour market policy towards the elderly.
Keywords: Death, retirement, income loss, disease, depression, health indicators, widowhood, care, panel data, endogeneity, fixed effects
JEL Classification: J14, J26
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