Dynamic Electricity Intensity Trends in 91 Countries

Sustainability 2021, 13, 4588 https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084588, GCCR working paper series 2017-02

26 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2017 Last revised: 7 May 2021

See all articles by Hann Earl Kim

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Yu Sang Chang

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Heejin Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics

Date Written: March 28, 2017

Abstract

Despite numerous studies on energy productivity and efficiency, only a few focus on the
electricity intensity (EI) of economic output. As these studies largely examine the declining trend in
EI, the increasing and/or fluctuating trends in EI have not been studied. We analyze EI trends by
estimating the progress ratios from experience curves of 91 countries from 1991 to 2011. The results
reveal wide variation in progress ratios, ranging from 53% to 135%, with an average of 101.5%. Furthermore,
more than half of the 91 countries displayed a kinked slope, indicating the fluctuating
rate of change in EI. The rate of population growth seems to be related to the increasing EI trends.
A clear understanding of the relative performance of each country in terms of the progress ratio and
the pattern of EI trends would be useful for the country’s policymakers to develop strategic options
for the future.

Keywords: electricity intensity; progress ratio; classical experience curve; kinked experience curve;

JEL Classification: L94

Suggested Citation

Kim, Hann Earl and Chang, Yu Sang and Kim, Heejin, Dynamic Electricity Intensity Trends in 91 Countries (March 28, 2017). Sustainability 2021, 13, 4588 https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084588, GCCR working paper series 2017-02 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2942469 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2942469

Hann Earl Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Yu Sang Chang (Contact Author)

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

Heejin Kim

Gachon University - College of Business and Economics ( email )

Korea

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